CLIMATE CHANGE TO DEAD END?

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India, where one in every seventh person on the planet lives, does not bother to have a national study on the impact of climate change when around 600 million people are at risk from its effects.

Warning of a ‘‘grave climate emergency” United Nation’s  Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in Abu Dhabi urges an immediate climate action to officials gathered in the Gulf city where the production of hydrocarbons remains a key driver of the economy.

The UN Secretary-General is not only calling on governments to stop building new coal plants by 2020 but also cut greenhouse emissions by 45 percent over the next decade along with replacing fossil-fuel driven economies too.

India is the epitome of the climate change effect.  The climate change might make rainfall erratic, leading to rising seas along with making extreme weather events, such as droughts, floods and heatwaves. These are all transpiring in the large parts of India.

A recent report sighted that climate change has already affected Indian communities and livelihoods across the nation.  Unfortunately India with every seventh person on the planet living here, has no national study on the impact of climate change.

The 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP 21 or CMP 11 held in Paris negotiated the Paris Agreement as a global agreement on the reduction of climate change. The representatives of 196 countries joined  the consensus.  The agreement enters into force with at least 55 countries which together represent at least 55 percent of global greenhouse emissions.  The Earth Day 2016 witnessed 174 countries sign the agreement in New York on 22 April 2016  kicked off adopting it within their own legal systems.

The Paris Agreement set a goal with agreement of limiting global warming to “well below 2 °C” Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels. It expects by the second half of the 21st century, zero net anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions could be reached.

In the adopted version of the Paris Agreement, the countries will also “pursue efforts to” limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C. As per the view of a few scientists, the 1.5 °C goal will require zero-emissions sometime between the years 2030 and 2050. Prior to the conference, 146 national climate panels suggested a commitment to limit global warming to 2.7 degrees Celsius by the year 2100. Still, no country-specific goals or a detailed timetable for emissions were incorporated during the  Paris Agreement.

On one hand, the UN chief Antonio Guterres clearly warns that the Paris climate goals are not enough, on the other hand, Paris, the signing chief of the 2015 historic agreement on fighting global warming now declares a climate emergency following similar moves by other cities and national parliaments.

Just a couple of months ago Britain’s parliament has also become the first in the world to declare a climate emergency, passing the largely symbolic motion which inspired Ireland’s parliament to pass a similar motion the next week in May, 2019.

The Climate Mobilization is making all possible efforts across the world in order to push for such declarations and some 650 local authorities in cities and towns globally have now declared a climate emergency.

Come to the cosmopolitan city of the US, New York City has also declared a climate emergency just three weeks ago. The Big Apple is now the biggest city to make the announcement.

Though it was a major victory of the Paris Accord with nations committing to limit global temperature rise to “well below” two degrees Celsius and to a 1.5C cap if possible,  whereas, in a major blow, President Trump appeared pissed off with no visible reasons, announced America’s withdrawal out of the agreement in the year 2017.

This is the concern the UN Secy General desires to voice, saying  – even if the promises of the Paris Accord are fully met, the world still faces what he describes as a catastrophic three-degree temperature rise by the end of the century. Therefore, there is hell of a lot requires to be done..and by all under the sun!

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